The observatory is following 30 villages on vital events. Different project in agriculture have been taken place in this area with typology of farming systems and evaluation of production and development strategies.
About the area
The third study site is located in the region of Tambacounda, Senegal. The climate is Sudano-Sahelian tropical climate with a rainy season from June to October and a dry season from November to May. The average temperature is 29.4 °C. The dominant soils are of resurfaced gravelly type on cuirass and tropical ferruginous leached on colluvio-alluvial material respectively encountered on the glacis and terraces. They have a sandy-clayey sandy texture with medium to low drainage.
Agriculture is the main activity with relatively diverse crops with millet, sorghum and maize as the dominant crops. The primary cash crops are cotton and groundnuts. Crop livestock is of traditional extensive type. For the most part, the populations are agro pastoralists benefiting from exploitable natural pastures, fodder during the rainy season.
Annual rainfall: 700-900 mm/year
Population density: 35 people/km²
Main ethnic groups: Mandingues, Peuls, Wolofs
Study site approximate area: 2000 km2
Livestock density: 81 TLU/km2
- Combretaceae shrubs and trees and crop-livestock integration are key components of soil fertility management and animal feeding